Population: 173,620, 000; Language: Urdu (National); English (Official); Currency: Pak Rupee; Government: Semi-presidential federal democratic republic;
Persecution Ranking: No.17; Percent of Corruption: 78%. Total People groups: 480;Unreached people groups: 462% of people groups unreached 96.3%
Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a republic in South Asia, marking the region where South Asia converges with Central Asia and the Middle East. It has a 650-mile coastline along the Arabian Sea in the south, and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast.
Pakistan is comprised of 96.1% Muslims and only 2.3% of the population are Christians, Hinduism 1.5%, Other 0.1%. Pakistan is an Islamic republic. There is growing support for Islamic Shari’a law and discrimination against non-Muslim and Muslim minorities is on the increase. Churches, pastors and Muslim background believers are targets of violence.
Challenges for Christians
Pakistan is ranked No. 17 among nations that are the worst persecutors of Christians based on Open Doors 2007 “World Watch List.”
The government of Pakistan is a major partner in the U.S. war on terror. Nevertheless, Pakistan remains a major source of Islamic extremism and a safe haven for some top terrorist leaders. Credible reports estimated that as many as 900 Pakistanis lost their lives in more than 650 terror attacks in 2006, with another 1,500 people seriously injured. Pakistan has experienced attacks from international terror networks such as Al Qaeda and its supporters, as well as violence stemming from Sunni-Shia sectarian strife and militant sub-nationalists. Attacks occurred with greatest frequency in the regions bordering Afghanistan: Balochistan, the North West Frontier Province (NWFP), and the adjacent Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA).
Over 160 ethnic groups and 40 language groups are without viable, indigenous congregations and effective cross-culture missions initiative.Balochi & Brahvi Some 75% of the world’s 4,500,000, Baloch live in Pakistan, over one million live and work in Karachi, Balochistan is the province where these unreached people lives.THE PUKHTUN Of the north west frontier. over 27 smaller peoples live in the mountain valleys of Kashmir, Kohistan, Dir, Chitral and Hinza. The Kalashare largely animist to there is not even a single Church is working among these people.Sindhi & Punjabi majority on the Indus plain. Afghan Refugees in Pakistan who are reached a peak in 1990 of about four million. Their numbers are slowly going down back. Most are Dari and Pushto speaking, but there are also many Uzbek, Tajik and others.
The great majority are Punjabis of low-cast Hindu Origin and most of the remainder are Hindu tribal peoples of Sindh. Lack of teaching, Poverty and illiteracy have hastened the lowering of the spiritual standards, nominal ism and the practice of Occultism among those who profess to be Christians. There has been little significant church growth among the Marwaris and Koli in the Sindh desert.
Much of the agricultural land and commerce is controlled by a few wealthy families. The economy is under siege from the combined assault of uncontrolled population growth, lack of water and land, 80% of government income squandered on the military, the effects of the Afghanistan wars and refugees The implementation of Islam-ization policies could tip the nation in economic disaster unemployment of 40%.
Health and Sanitation
62% of the population has sustainable access to improved sanitation and 90% has sustainable access to an improved water source. 19% of the population is undernourished. Pakistan has a low prevalence of HIV infection about 0.1% in recent news, Action Aid. Pakistan reported that it has estimated there are currently 78,000 cases of AIDS in Pakistan. Of these, 16000 of women and 2,200 are children.
The life expectancy at birth is 61 years.83 children die before age 1 for every 1000 live births and 107 die by the age of 5.
41.5% of adults between 15 and 49 are literate. There are no recent data on enrollment for primary and secondary schools. Pakistan spends 1.8% of its GDP on education which is 7.8% of total government expenditures (for comparison, the 20 most developed nations spend and average of 5.53% of their GDPs and12.29% of government expenditures on public education)
The life expectancy at birth for men and women is nearly identical: 60.7 years for women and 61 years for men. Literacy rates are notably different: 28.5 % of women are literate and53.4% men are literate. women earn only 33% of what men earn. Approximately 20% of the seats in parliament are held by women.